Exploring the Default Postgres Template Databases

I was recently poking around the psql terminal, and noticed something that I had never had to deal with before: the Postgres template databases. I decided to seize the moment and launched myself into an exploration of what the template databases are meant to do, and why the heck there are two of them.

My first plan of attack was to just list them and see if I could find a difference right away, but everything looked exactly the same.

postgres=# \l
                                   List of databases
   Name   |   Owner  | Encoding |   Collate   |    Ctype    |   Access privileges
----------+----------+----------+-------------+-------------+-----------------------
postgres  | postgres | UTF8     | en_US.UTF-8 | en_US.UTF-8 |
template0 | postgres | UTF8     | en_US.UTF-8 | en_US.UTF-8 | =c/postgres + postgres=CTc/postgres
template1 | postgres | UTF8     | en_US.UTF
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